There were many articles advising on how to compose a photograph and I have only included two references because many of them repeat the same information.
From my research I now understand what draws a viewer into an image and although there are some guiding rules these can be modified and still provide a pleasing image.
The rule of thirds is a very useful tool however, just moving the subject off centre can provide the desired effect as long as the focal point is strong. Similarly placing a horizontal line in the centre or middle of the shot reduces the strength of the image, as does having a horizon or vertical line that is not straight.
Subjects that are interesting and place in the foreground can add depth and a point of reference.
Simple images are stronger and by composing an image with a strong focal point and less clutter will provide for a stronger shot.
Leading lines and framing shots by moving closer to a subject also play an important role in drawing the viewer’s eye to the focal point.
Most photographs are taken when the photographer is standing and by moving position this can improve the shot.
Detrie, in his discussion of Gestalt principles links our visual perception to patterns found in nature and it’s complexity. How we perceive this complexity is dependent on the interaction between our experiences, interplay between perception and behaviour and the social and cultural context of our experiences. Although this article was written for graphic design many of the elements described apply to photography.
Placing my subject in the centre is a common failing of mine and I need to improve on this. On reviewing this research for my assessment I am aware that I still have many habits to break or improve on.