Assessment criteria: Context
Reflection, research, critical thinking…
Why is ‘Context’ such an important part of the assessment criteria?
The word ‘mutable’ is sometimes used by writers when discussing photography:
Mutable: capable of change or of being changed (Merriam Webster online dictionary)
Some take this mutability (ability to mutate) so far as to say that photographs are essentially empty. Allan Sekula, for instance, says that photographs are a fragment of the world with just ‘the possibility of meaning’ (1982, in Bull, 2010, p.41).
The meaning depends on the context – where the photograph is published or displayed, the caption or other text with it, the sequence of images around it. As you continue to take photographs on the OCA photography programme, you’ll also be developing a context for them, shifting the emphasis from formal and aesthetic concerns to include what you feel about it and want it to mean.
Preparation and Planning
- The Build
- Detail of the Build (Courtesy of Parkol Marine, Whitby)
- More build
- Setting sail – shot still to be taken, if can’t be achieved use Seahouses Harbour shot
- Landing the catch in harbour
- Detail – landing the catch (in this case. crabs and lobsters)
- Fishing Boat fishing – unlikely to get this shot – rethink needed – maybe a shot of the fishermen
- Detail – equipment, nets or pots?
- Graveyard – overview
- ?overview/?more detail
- As shot
- Black & white
- Carofano style
- Find poetry or song lyrics to attach to the photos.
Choosing final selection
In coming to the decision of which shots to use, I printed off my contact sheets and made some notes. I then laid 20 out full size prints (A4) and analysed which order would work best and then I took these prints to a group day for feedback. I also posted on the OCA forum and Facebook page for feedback.
Whatis it about
When I was thinking about a subject for this assignment I came across a boat graveyard in France and inspired by the work of Ray Carofano who I compared in exercise 5.2 and who has photographed dereliction and decay, I thought this might make a good subject for the assignment. I had already started to take test shots of beaches, the sea and boats, so this extended my thinking.
However, after taking a series of shots I thought that the subject was a bit narrow and it was difficult to think about the mutability (or the meaning) of the series, how I might present them and how or where they would be viewed.
I thought slowly revealing the site and starting with detailed shots moving through to the whole area might be an option. Then when I was reviewing this idea I thought about where the wrecks had come from and what kind of people worked on them so I came up with the idea of portraying “The Life and Death of a Fishing Boat” based on the notion that the fishing industry was in decline. I focused on two areas in France (boat graveyards) and three areas in the North East – Seahouses, North Shields and Whitby . All are different in their contribution to fishing boats. Seahouses (primarily crabs and lobsters) and North Shields (a mixture of white fish and crabs, lobsters and prawns) are active fishing ports and Whitby has the nearest fishing boat building yard. The work of Peter Loud and the way he portrayed the size and scale of the ships was an important influence on how I approached my assignment.
In my research and through talking to fishermen I discovered that despite the perception in the north east that the fishing industry was in decline because of the imposed quotas of the EU and the development of the 200 mile limit imposed by Iceland and Norway, it appears the decline was much more complicated. The reasons include the under investment of local ports, particularly that of North Shields, and the migration of cod and haddock to more northern waters which resulted in the larger trawlers who fish for a week at a time landing their catch in Scotland. This changed the type of fishing from North Shields,and saw an increase in smaller vessels which could only fish in daylight and an increase in fishing for crabs, prawns and lobsters.
I decided on a documentary style of presentation and after careful consideration following my research findings, decided to present the series from the wrecks through to the building of new boats and then images of active fishing boats.
I am very grateful to the staff of Parkol Marine Engineering in Whitby, for allowing me access to the boat building yard. This presented challenges for photography because it is a very active small yard which currently has at least three vessels in the building process, one of which was just starting and the new keel had just been built taking up a large proportion of the outside yard and as it is a building site it had many hazards, trip as well as others found in such environments.
Having researched captions with photographs and following comments from my tutor I decided to include the words of relevant poems and songs with the images. Shwarz M.E. and Tierney -Tello M.B. (eds) suggest that by using such a textual strategy with the images works to insert the reader into the scene increasing the relationship between the spectator and subject to be more dynamic and complex. Karen Knorr in her “Marks of Distinction” produces an almost humorous and certainly a rather sarcastic approach to her subjects by adding text to them. In my first attempt at adding text I didn’t want to go down this rather unconventional route but wanted to give the images some meaning in the way the boats had been, would be or were being used. With this in mind I researched and found poems and song lyrics to help illustrate them.
There are many contemporary photographers who shoot sailing vessels and racing yachts but fewer who shoot fishing boats. There are many images on Flickr and I took inspiration from some of these.
Screen shot (accessed 18\10\2015)
Corey Arnold a commercial fisherman, has documented his life at sea since 1995. His documentary demonstrates the hard life of fishermen whilst at sea. He has exhibited globally. I tried to book a trip on a fishing boat to take some shots at sea but the weather was inclement with gales and high spring tides and so this was not possible.